BEIJING, June 3 (Xinhua) -- The Chinese government
has reiterated its intention to meet strict energy efficiency and pollutant
reduction targets, which it failed last year, in an official work plan published
The General Work Plan for Energy Conservation and
Pollutant Discharge Reduction shows that China will stick to the original plan
of energy saving as well as reducing major pollutant discharges by 10 percent.
Under a five-year plan to 2010, China pledged to cut
energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 20 percent, or
four percent each year, but consumption fell by just 1.23 percent last year.
China will promote the use of renewable energy
resources, such as wind power, solar power, hydro power, methane and terrestrial
heat. The country will also establish medium- and long-term outlines on fuel
ethanol and bio ethanol, the plan said.
According to the plan, units, branches and bodies of
the central government will take the lead of using energy-saving lights and 50
million similar lights will be in use nationwide by 2010.
Meanwhile, the plan makes it compulsory for
government departments to purchase highly efficient energy-saving, water-saving
and environmental-friendly products in governmental procurement, such as
conditioners, computers, printers and displays.
The state will encourage and direct financial
institutions to enhance credit support for environment-protection and
pollution-reduction projects. The government will also offer preferential tax
treatments for such projects.
China will also reform pricing mechanism for resource
products, such as refined oil, natural gas and electricity, and restrict the
export of high-energy consuming and heavy-polluting products.
China will optimize energy use in high-energy
consuming industries, such as steel, non-ferrous metal, petrochemical and cement
production, realize energy-saving capacities of 50 million tons of standard coal
in 2007 and 240 million tons by 2010.
The country will save 31.5 million tons of standard
coal this year and 118 million tons by 2010, and cut sulfur dioxide emissions by
400,000 tons in 2007 and by 2.4 million tons by 2010.
To meet the goals, the government will accelerate the
elimination of out-dated production capacities and reduce chemical oxygen demand
(COD) by 620,000 tons this year and by 1.38 million tons by 2010.
To meet the goal, the government has set a list of
-- Solid fuel-burning electricity generating capacity
will be reduced by 10 million kilowatts this year and 50 million kilowatts by
-- Iron ore production capacity to lose by 30 million
tons this year and 100 million tons by 2010;
-- Steel production to close 35 million tons of
capacity this year and 55 million tons by 2010;
-- Electrolytic aluminum production to close 100,000
tons of capacity this year and 650,000 tons by 2010;
-- Iron alloy production capacity to lose 1.2 million
tons this year and four million tons by 2010;
-- Calcium carbide production capacity to lose
500,000 tons this year and two million tons by 2010;
-- Coke production capacity of 10 million tons will
close this year and 80 million tons by 2010;
-- Cement production capacity to lose 50 million tons
this year and 250 million tons by 2010;
-- Glass production capacity of six million weight
boxes to be closed this year and 30 million weight boxes by 2010;
-- Papermaking capacity of 2.3 million tons to be
closed this year and 6.5 million tons by 2010.
-- Alcohol production capacity to lose 400,000 tons
this year and 1.6 million tons by 2010;
-- Monosodium glutamate production capacity of 50,000
tons to be eliminated this year and 200,000 tons by 2010;
-- Citric acid production to close 20,000 tons of
capacity this year and 80,000 tons by 2010.
The discharge of sulfur dioxide will drop from 25.49
million tons in 2005 to 22.95 million tons in 2010 while chemical oxygen demand
(COD) should drop from 14.14 million tons to 12.73 million tons, under the plan.
Desulfurizition facilities will be incorporated in
all new solid fuel-burning electricity plants with total power-generation
capacities of 188 million kilowatts and established plants with capacities of
167 million kilowatts, cutting the country's sulfur dioxide emissions by 5.9
million tons annually.
China has so far installed desulfurizition facilities
in solid fuel-burning electricity plants with total power-generation capacities
of 35 million kilowatts, eliminating 1.23 million tons of sulfur dioxide
emissions every year.
Daily urban sewage treatment capacity will rise to 12
million tons this year 45 million tons by 2010 and the daily utilization
capacity of recycled water will reach one million tons this year and 6.8 million
tons by 2010.
Meanwhile, charges for sulfur dioxide emissions will
double from 0.63 yuan to 1.26 yuan per kilogram in three years, while urban
sewage treatment fees of no more than 0.8 yuan per ton will be implemented and
rubbish treatment fees will be raised.
The government will ensure the urban sewage treatment
rate will reach 70 percent, the comprehensive use of industrial solid waste 60
percent, and water consumption per unit of industrial net profit will drop by 30
The daily seawater desalination capacity will
increase by 900,000 cubic meters and the use of water from mining shafts will
reach 2.6 billion cubic meters by 2010; the targets will be 70,000cubic meters
and 500 million cubic meters respectively in 2007.
The plan requires departments and local governments
to prioritize the tasks and use economic, legal and administrative methods to
curb excessive growth of high-energy consuming and heavy-polluting industries.
Meanwhile, efforts must be made to adjust industrial
structure, improve technology, expand spending and strengthen monitoring.