BEIJING, March 29 (Xinhua) -- All ethnic groups in
China are equal and no racial discrimination exists, Dainzhub Ongboin, vice
director of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC), said on Thursday.
"China's ethnic groups enjoy equal status and live in harmony. There is no discrimination (directed at any
ethnicity)," Dainzhub, who is of Tibetan origin, said at a press conference in
response to a Reuters reporter who asked whether racial discrimination existed
in Chinese society.
China has 55 ethnic minority groups. The Han people
account for more than 90 percent of the country's total population.
"People from different ethnic groups often help each
other and their relations are harmonious," he said, adding the central
government was investing more money to alleviate poverty in some ethnic minority
"The 56 ethnic groups are like brothers and sisters
living in one family," said Dainzhub.
The government aimed to extend nine-year compulsory
education to more than 95 percent of the ethnic minority population by the end
of 2010, as stated in the country's 11th five-year plan (2006-2010) for work on
ethnic minorities, he said.
The plan, which was approved by the State Council, or
Cabinet, earlier this year, was made public on Thursday.
The government would "do its best to ensure the
schooling of each ethnic student", said Dainzhub, adding it was one of his prime
concerns as he himself was a poor student many years ago and understood the
bitterness of poverty at school.
He said the government would expand the enrollment of
ethnic students in high schools and universities and continue to set up Tibetan
and Uygur classes in schools in big cities outside Tibet and Xinjiang Uygur
autonomous regions, both in western China.
More bilingual teachers who can speak both mandarin,
China's official language, and an ethnic language, will be dispatched to ethnic
regions to improve education and preserve minority languages, under the plan,
which also says the number of ethnic minority cadres will be increased.
Ethnic minority medical science such as Mongolian,
Uygur and Tibetan medicine was "a valuable cultural heritage" and should be used
"more extensively in ethnic regions", many of which were remote, said Dainzhub,
52, who is also a Tibetologist and a former dean of the Tibetology department of
the Central University for Nationalities.
Premier Wen Jiabao said in his government work report
earlier this month that traditional Chinese and ethnic minority medicine should
be made a priority for development.
Fifteen ethnic minorities have 195 hospitals
specializing in their own ethnic medical science, with 4,853 professional ethnic
"Ethnic medicine is one third the cost of an urban
hospital and half the cost of traditional Chinese medicine," Dainzhub said,
adding that ethnic people trust their own medicine.
Official statistics show that about 11.7 million
rural Chinese living in absolute poverty -- half of the country's total rural
absolute poor -- are in ethnic minority regions. About seven percent of the
ethnic minority population -- 4.4 percent higher than the national average --
fall under China's poverty line.
Autonomous ethnic regions in China cover more than
six million square kilometers, making up about 64 percent of the country's land
area, even though members of the 55 ethnic minorities account for only 8.4
percent of the total population.
Most ethnic minorities regions are in remote border
areas. About 19,000 kilometers of China's 22,000-kilometer border ran through
ethnic autonomous regions; 107 of 135 border counties are ethnic autonomous, and
more than 30 ethnic minorities live "shoulder by shoulder" with the same ethnic
groups of China's neighbor countries.
The SEAC, with the National Development and Reform
Commission, the country's top economic planner, has invested about one billion
yuan (128 million U.S. dollars) in the regions where 22 Chinese ethnic
minorities with populations below 100,000 live.
The Ministry of Finance will allocate about 112
million yuan (14.36 million U.S. dollars) annually from this year to support the
development of the 22 ethnic groups with a total population of630,000, including
the Ewenki, Oroqen and Daur in the northern autonomous region of Inner Mongolia.
"The disappearance of some ethnic groups was a
natural process combined with historical reasons," Dainzhub said, adding the
government was preventing small minority groups from vanishing by recording
their threatened languages and conducting bilingual school education to protect
and rescue their cultural heritage.
China will set up a database of threatened ethnic
languages and standardize their translation, under the plan, which also calls
for more research on the culture of ethnic minorities in Taiwan and the
promotion of mutual understanding among ethnic groups across the Taiwan Strait.
"Culture is the soul, the root and the essence of a
people," said Dainzhub. "Its value cannot be measured."