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|Experts: Inefficiency aggravates water shortage
BEIJING, Nov. 22 (Xinhua) -- Inefficient water use is greatly worsening the
China's water shortage, an environment advisory body has warned.
Experts from the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment
and Development (CCICED) said much water was wasted in agricultural irrigation
and the daily use of urban residents.
The water use rate of flood irrigation, the main irrigation method of
Chinese farmers, was only 45 percent, while the rates of developed countries was
above 80 percent.
About 25 percent of water pipes and facilities in urban areas leaked,
resulting in a loss of 400 million cubic meters every year, according to the
Ministry of Construction.
Experts also attributed pollution and ecosystem degeneration caused by
human use of natural resources to the worsening shortage.
China is suffering chronic water shortages, with per capita resources of
about 2,200 cubic meters, a quarter of the international average and ranking the
110th among 149 countries.
The safety of water supplies for 320 million rural people could not be
guaranteed and more than 400 cities suffered inadequate supplies.
A severe drought in July and August left at least 18 million people short
of drinking water in 15 provinces, municipalities and regions, according to the
Ministry of Water Resources.
The government should raise public awareness of water conservation, adopt
new irrigation methods and spread the use of water-efficient facilities, experts