BEIJING, Nov. 4 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Hu
Jintao delivered a speech on Saturday morning at the opening ceremony of the
Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC).
The following is the full text of Hu Jintao's speech:
Your Excellency Prime Minister Meles Zenawi,
Distinguished colleagues and guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Our meeting today will go down in
history. We, leaders of China and African countries, in a common pursuit of
friendship, peace, cooperation and development, are gathered in Beijing today to
renew friendship, discuss ways of growing China-Africa relations and promote
unity and cooperation among developing countries. On behalf of the Chinese
Government and people and in my own name, I wish to extend a very warm welcome
to you and deep appreciation to you for attending the Summit. I also want to
extend, through the African leaders present today, the cordial greetings and
best wishes of the Chinese people to the brotherly African people.
The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation was
jointly set up by China and Africa in October 2000, a major initiative taken to
promote traditional China-Africa friendship and cooperation. In the six years
since then, two ministerial conferences have been held, first in Beijing and
then in Addis Ababa. Today, the Forum serves as an important platform and
effective mechanism for conducting collective dialogue, exchanging experience in
governance and enhancing mutual trust and cooperation in practical terms between
China and African countries.
Dear colleagues and friends,
This year marks the 50th anniversary of
the inauguration of diplomatic ties between New China and African countries.
Though vast oceans keep China and Africa far apart, the friendship between our
peoples has a long history and, having been tested by times, is strong and
vigorous. In the long course of history, the Chinese and African peoples, with
an unyielding and tenacious spirit, created splendid and distinctive ancient
civilisations. In the modern era, our peoples launched unremitting and heroic
struggle against subjugation, and have written a glorious chapter in the course
of pursuing freedom and liberation, upholding human dignity, and striving for
economic development and national rejuvenation. The progress and development of
China and Africa are a major contribution to the advancement of human
During the past five decades, the Chinese
and African peoples have forged close unity, and our friendship has flourished.
China-Africa exchanges and cooperation have grown in all fields and yielded
fruitful results. In international affairs, China and Africa enjoy trust and
cooperate closely to uphold the legitimate rights and interests of the
In all these years, China has firmly
supported Africa in winning liberation and pursuing development. China has
trained technical personnel and other professionals in various fields for
Africa. It has built the Tanzara Railway and other infrastructural projects and
sent medical teams and peacekeepers to Africa. All this testifies to the
friendship cherished by the Chinese people towards the African people. We in
China will not forget Africa's full support for restoring the lawful rights of
the People's Republic of China in the United Nations. Nor will we forget the
sincere and ardent wish of African countries and people for China to realise
complete and peaceful reunification and achieve the goal of building a modern
Today, China-Africa friendship is deeply
rooted in the hearts of our two peoples, and our friendship has endured the test
of time and changes in the world. This is because we have never strayed from the
principle of enhancing friendship, treating each other as equals, extending
mutual support and promoting common development in building our ties.
— Friendship provides a solid foundation
for reinforcing China- Africa friendly ties. We both value our traditional
friendship and are committed to enhancing it.
— Treating each other as equals is
crucial for ensuring mutual trust. We both respect the development path
independently embarked upon by the other side. We both are serious in addressing
each other’s concerns and are eager to benefit from each other’s practice in
— Mutual support is the driving force
behind the ever growing China-Africa cooperation. We both wish to see progress
in the development endeavour of the other side and sincerely support such
endeavour. And we are engaged in comprehensive cooperation.
— Common development is the shared
aspiration of the Chinese and African peoples. We are committed to pursuing
mutually beneficial cooperation to bring the benefits of development to our
Dear colleagues and friends,
The world today is undergoing profound
and complex changes. But peace, development and cooperation remain the calling
of the times. There is a growing trend towards multipolarity and economic
globalization. Science and technology are making daily advance, regional
cooperation is deepening and there is increasing interdependence among nations.
All this has created rare development opportunities for the international
community. On the other hand, imbalance in global development, widening gap
between North and South, the combination of traditional and non-traditional
security threats as well as increasing factors of instability and uncertainty
standing in the way of peace and development all pose a daunting challenge to
developing countries in their pursuit of sustainable development.
China is the largest developing country,
and Africa is home to the largest number of developing countries. Our combined
population accounts for over a third of the world total. Without peace and
development in China and Africa, there will be no global peace and development.
In this new era, China and Africa share
increasing common interests and have a growing mutual need. The forging of a new
type of China-Africa strategic partnership is determined by the dynamics of
China-Africa cooperation, and it represents our wish to promote global peace and
development. Building strong ties between China and Africa will not only promote
development of each side, but also help cement unity and cooperation among
developing countries and contribute to establishing a just and equitable new
international political and economic order. To enhance this new type of
strategic partnership, China will strengthen cooperation with Africa in the
First, deepen political relation of
equality and mutual trust. We will maintain high-level contacts and mutual
visits, establish a regular high-level political dialogue mechanism and conduct
strategic dialogue to enhance mutual political trust and traditional friendship
and achieve common progress through unity.
Second, broaden win-win economic
cooperation. We will give full play to our respective strength, enhance economic
and trade ties, broaden areas of cooperation, support cooperation between our
business communities, upgrade cooperation in human resources development and
explore new ways of cooperation so that both sides will share the benefits of
Third, expand exchange for cultural
enrichment. We will strengthen cultural and people-to-people exchanges to
increase mutual understanding and friendship between our two peoples and
particularly between the younger generation. We will enhance exchanges and
cooperation in education, science and technology, culture, public health, sports
and tourism to provide intellectual motivation and cultural support for
Fourth, promote balanced and harmonious
global development. We will enhance South-South cooperation and promote
North-South dialogue. We urge developed countries to honour their promises on
market access, aid and debt relief. We should strive to meet the Millennium
Development Goals and steer economic globalisation in the direction of creating
prosperity for all.
Fifth, strengthen cooperation and mutual
support in international affairs. We are committed to upholding the purposes and
principles of the UN Charter, respecting diversity of the world and promoting
democracy in international relations. We call for enhancing international
security cooperation based on mutual trust and benefit and addressing each
other’s concerns through consultation and coordination so that we can jointly
respond to threats and challenges to global security.
Dear colleagues and friends,
China values its friendship with Africa.
To strengthen unity and cooperation with Africa is a key principle guiding
China's foreign policy. China will continue to support Africa in implementing
the New Partnership for Africa's Development and in its effort to strengthen
itself through unity, achieve peace and stability and economic revitalisation in
the region and raise its international standing.
To forge a new type of China-Africa
strategic partnership and strengthen our cooperation in more areas and at a
higher level, the Chinese Government will take the following eight steps:
1. Double its 2006 assistance to Africa
2. Provide 3 billion U.S. dollars of
preferential loans and 2 billion U.S. dollars of preferential buyer's
credits to Africa in the next three years.
3. Set up a China-Africa development fund
which will reach 5 billion U.S. dollars to encourage Chinese companies
to invest in Africa and provide support to them.
4. Build a conference centre for the
African Union to support African countries in their efforts to strengthen
themselves through unity and support the process of African integration.
5. Cancel debt in the form of all the
interest-free government loans that matured at the end of 2005 owed by the
heavily indebted poor countries and the least developed countries in Africa that
have diplomatic relations with China.
6. Further open up China's market to
Africa by increasing from 190 to over 440 the number of export items to China
receiving zero-tariff treatment from the least developed countries in Africa
having diplomatic ties with China.
7. Establish three to five trade and
economic cooperation zones in Africa in the next three years.
8. Over the next three years, train
15,000 African professionals; send 100 senior agricultural experts to Africa;
set up 10 special agricultural technology demonstration centres in Africa; build
30 hospitals in Africa and provide RMB 300 million of grant for providing
artemisinin and building 30 malaria prevention and treatment centres to fight
malaria in Africa; dispatch 300 youth volunteers to Africa; build 100 rural
schools in Africa; and increase the number of Chinese government scholarships to
African students from the current 2000 per year to 4000 per year by 2009.
Dear colleagues and friends,
Both China and Africa are cradles of
human civilisation and lands of great promise. Common destiny and common goals
have brought us together. China will remain a close friend, reliable partner and
good brother of Africa.
Let's join hands and endeavour to promote
development in both China and Africa, improve the well-being of our peoples and
build a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity!