Script on animal bones and tortoise shells. The Shang is very
famous for its augury and the existing Jiaguwen (inscriptions on animal
bones and tortoise shells) is the witness of augury of the time. Since
1898, the Yin ruins have provided the world with over 150,000 oracle
items. Shang Dynasty (1600-1100 B.C.), is also called the Yin
Dynasty. (File Photo)
VILNIUS, Lithuania, July 13 (Xinhua) -- The ruins of China's ancient Shang Dynasty capital in Anyang city, Henan Province, was inscribed into the World Heritage List here on Thursday by the 30th session of the World Heritage Committee (WHC).
This made the site, China's only
cultural heritage site applying for inscription this year, the 33th Chinese site
to be included.
Without discussion, the WHC
unanimously agreed to place in the List the ruins of the Shang Dynasty capital
as it regarded the site as "of universal value", Zhang Xuezhong, ambassador and
permanent delegate to UNESCO, told Chinese reporters.
"The site was inscribed in a very
smooth way," Zhang said, adding "the WHC only spent a few minutes to approve
It was accepted by loud applause
from all the 21 representatives of the WHC after they heard the report on the
site, submitted by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) experts.
The WHC spoke very highly of the
site, saying the site was outstanding not only in terms of its integrity but
also global and universal value.
Francesco Bandarin, director of
UNESCO's World Heritage Center, extended his written congratulations to the
Chinese delegation to the meeting.
He said, "Congratulations for this
fantastic monument. it is really a significant site of archaeological
importance. The World Heritage List is richer."
Other representatives stood up to
shake hands with Chinese delegation members one by one to express their
"Today's result is a reward for the
years of unremitting effort of the Henan government and its people and the city
of Anyang," Tong Mingkang, Deputy director of the State Administration of
Culture heritage, told reporters.
The success "is not easy," Tong
added, "unlike visible sites such as buildings, temples or towns, everything in
the ruins of the Shang Dynasty is under the earth," he explained.
"This demands much more effort to
make it in inclusion into the World Heritage List," he said.
He said what impressed the experts
most "is the Oracle Bone Inscriptions", the origin of the modern Chinese
"The Oracle Bone Inscriptions are
the only ancient inscriptions in the world that are still used by a quarter of
the world population today," he said.
The way of display and protection of
the site were recognized by the WHC as unique, Tong noted.
The significance of the inscription
into the List "is of great," Anyang city's party chief Jin Suidong said.
"It will help the world to known
more about the fantastic history of the China," he said.
Before the application, the Henan
provincial government passed regulations concerning the preservation of the
ruins, he told reporters.
Everything, including construction,
and tree and grass planting around or nearby the site, will be done according to
the rules, which are in line with UNESCO's heritage protection laws.
In the process of conservation, new
experience will be drawn to keep the heritage site lasting from generation to
The ruins of the Shang Dynasty
capital, situated in Yindu District of Anyang City and across the south and
north banks of the Huanhe River, was listed into the reserved names of the World
Cultural Heritages on Feb 12, 1996.
With a history of more than 3,300
years, the ruins, covering 24square kilometers, have been proved by its oracle
Bone Inscription excavated from the site to be the earliest of its kind in
China, featuring the civilization of Bronze Era.
It also tops the "100 significant
archaeological discoveries in the 20th century of China".
The Vilnius session of the WHC will
review altogether 37 new applications from 30 countries.
On Wednesday, China's natural
heritage site, the Great Panda habitat in southwest Sichuan province, was placed
into the List. Enditem
China not rules out demanding return
of antiquities of Yin Ruins lost overseas
BEIJING, July 13 (Xinhua) -- More than 50,000
antiquities from the Yin Ruins, home to China's earliest characters, have been
lost to overseas, and China will not rule out the right to demand return of the
treasures, said a Chinese cultural official here on Thursday.
The official made the remarks as the Yin Ruins were
added to the U.N. World Heritage List at the meeting of the United Nations
Environmental, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage
committee, in Lithuania's capital Vilnius.
File photo taken in September 2001 shows a bird's eye view of
the ruins of ancient China's Shang Dynasty (17th-11th century B.C.)
capital in Anyang City, central China's Henan Province. (File