BEIJING, May 28 (Xinhua) -- Chinese government should
pay due attention to the effect of global warming, which led many parts of
northern China to suffer the worst dry spells for 50 years with its southern
part hit by typhoons and tropical storms, an expert on disaster reduction said.
"Nearly one third of China's land area has had dry
spells this year, while southern China is hit by typhoons and storms at the
meantime," said Shi Peijun, an expert with the office of China National
Committee for Natural Disaster Reduction, "The contradictory phenomena
epitomizes an extreme representation of global warming."
Since early this year, the worst drought over half a
century has affected many parts of northern China, including Hebei province, and
Beijing and Tianjin municipalities and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
"We are reluctant to use water to wash our clothes as
it's too dear and costly to us, and we save the dish-washing water for our foul
and domestic animals," said the 82-year-old farmer Li Zhanlu in Tongxin county,
Ningxia reports that approximately 202,700 hectares
of cropland that have gone without irrigation, with about 73,000 hectares of
serious arid land, said the provincial flood control and drought relief
Earlier this month, the State Flood Control and
Drought Relief Headquarters said drought has resulted in a scare of drinking
water for 14 million people in northern China.
Some 16.3 million hectares of farmland, over 12
percent of the nation's total, was affected by drought, which also led to
insufficient food and water supplies for 11.6 million livestock, the
The headquarters has ordered local governments to
adopt prompt, substantial measures and the Finance Ministry has earmarked 100
million yuan (12.5 million U.S. dollars) for drought-stricken areas.
Meanwhile, annual mid-year flooding has set in across
a large swath of central and eastern China.
Last week, Tropical Storm Chanchu pummeled southern
China, leaving at least eight people dead, and flooding a large number of homes
in an area where the government evacuated almost one million people.
"From the Hollywood blockbuster 'The Day after
Tomorrow,' people can came to realize how grave consequence the global warming
could bring about," Shi Peijun said, "so China should gave the corresponding
recognition to it."
An Australian government report released on May 23
acknowledged that warmer sea surface temperatures lead to more moisture and heat
in the atmosphere, fuelling storms. But a warmer world can also lead to more
intense droughts, threatening the livelihoods of millions around the globe.
Experts said global warming could also caused the
greenhouse effect, in which so-called greenhouse gases, especially carbon
dioxide, swaddle the Earth like a blanket, keeping the sun's warmth.
Some greenhouse warming is natural, but many
scientists hold that accelerated warming over the last century was caused by
human activities including coal-burning power plants and the use of other fossil