Special Reports
SCO Summit 2006
Earthquake in Indonesia
Mediterranean diet may lower risk of Alzheimer's: study
www.chinaview.cn 2006-04-18 21:57:14

The Mediterranean diet may reduce risk for Alzheimer's disease, according to a community-based study conducted in New York.
The Mediterranean diet is known to be high in fruits, vegetables, cereals, but low in meat and dairy products.(file photo)
    BEIJING, April 18 (Xinhuanet) -- The Mediterranean diet may reduce risk for Alzheimer's disease, according to a community-based study conducted in New York. 

    The Mediterranean diet is known to be high in fruits, vegetables, cereals, but low in meat and dairy products.

    A group of 2,258 non-demented individuals from the Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project participated in the study. They were instructed to be on the diet for an average of four years.

    During the course of the study, 262 individuals were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease.

    Overall, each additional unit of the Mediterranean diet adherence score on a 0 to 9 -point scale was associated with a 9% to 10% decreased risk for Alzheimer's, reported Nikolaos Scarmeas, M.D., of Columbia University, in the April issue of the Annals of Neurology and published online.

    Compared with participants who had the lowest adherence to the diet, the risk for those with the highest adherence was 39% to 40% lower, while those in the middle tertile had a decreased Alzheimer's risk of 15% to 21%. This, the researchers said.

    This study suggested that "an overall dietary pattern is likely to have a greater effect on health than a single nutrient," Dr. Scarmeas said.

    Previous research in Alzheimer's disease had focused on individual dietary components or nutrients, such as vitamins C and E, flavonoids, folate, total fats, and fish, often with conflicting results, the researchers said. There have been few studies of the effect of composite dietary patterns, rather than individual foods.

    The Mediterranean diet has also been linked to a lower risk for cardiovascular disease, several forms of cancer, and overall mortality. Enditem

    (Agencies)

Editor: Yang Li
E-mail Us Print This Article
Related Stories
Top legislator Wu, Putin meet on ties
President Hu anticipates successful SCO summit
Chinaview.cn Takes on New Look
Taiwan's "security report" damages cross-Strait peace
People's Daily calls for clean local Party elections
Indonesia's human bird flu death toll rises to 37
Iran says it has conducted research on nuclear fusion
New material makes invisibility possible: studies
Hollywood Jolie welcomes baby girl
US military accepts responsibility for Afghan accident
Drinking during pregnancy lowers child IQ
Survey: One in five students use tobacco worldwide
Study confirms HIV virus originates in wild chimps in Cameroon
Light-to-moderate drinking during pregnancy can also impair child's IQ
Chocolate may boost brain power