BEIJING, March 16 (Xinhuanet) -- China's population
had risen to 1.306 billion by November 1, 2005, up 3.2 percent from the figure
on November 1, 2000 when the Fifth National Population Census was conducted, the
National Bureau of Statistics reported on Thursday.
The figures are the outcome of China's third
one-percent sample census conducted on November 1, 2005. The Chinese government
started in the 1980s to punctuate thorough National Censuses with sample
censuses, which sample one percent of the population.
Based on the sample census, researchers put China's
population at 1.307 billion by the end of 2005.
The country's population has grown at an annual rate
of 0.63 percent or 8.09 million people in the past five years, the report said.
According to the sample census, more than 11 percent
of the population are the people of 60 or above and men and women each account
for 51.53 percent and 48.47 percent of the population, indicating the prolonged
pressure of a graying population and gender imbalance in China.
The census also set the transient population in China
at 147.35 million.
China, the most populous country with over 1.3
billion people, has so far carried out five national censuses in the past 56
years since 1949. Enditem