BRASILIA, Sept. 30 (Xinhuanet) -- The first summit of
the South American Community of Nations (CSN) concluded here Friday, with member
countries calling for a concrete integration process in the region.
The one-day summit closed with the sig ning of important documents promoting free trade and
infrastructure construction to benefit CSN members.
In the Declaration of Brasilia, leaders of the bloc
committed to advancing in a gradual way toward commercial liberalization.
A free trade zone in the future will require
convergence and complementation among CSN countries, said the declaration.
CSN members agreed to deepen the convergence between
the Common Market of the South (Mercosur) and the Andean Community (Ancom), two
regional organizations in South America, it said.
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (L) talks with Peru's President Alejandro Toledo during the first South American Community of Nations summit, October 1. (Xinhua photo)
The declaration also includes the promotion of energy
integration, environment protection, creation of financial mechanisms and
reduction in developmental gaps.
At the end of the summit, Bolivian President Eduardo
Rodriguez Veltze, whose country will host the next summit, termed the CSN asthe
consolidation of a new political space.
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva said in
his speech that "there is no other alternative for us than integration," while
his Peruvian counterpart, Alejandro Toledo, praised the role of Mercosur and
Ancom in the creation of the CSN.
"The moment has come to face the asymmetries within
the region and seek innovating development mechanisms," said Toledo.
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva makes a speech in the opening ceremony of the first South American Community of Nations summit in Itamaraty Palace in Brasilia September 30, 2005.(Xinhua photo)
The Peruvian president called for the realization of
infrastructure projects to improve the physical integration of theregion, and he
also stressed the importance of financing security to carry out the projects.
The infrastructure to be constructed in the region
includes roads and bridges, a subway system in the Venezuelan capital of
Caracas, hydroelectric plants, and powerlines over Uruguay and railroads in
Meanwhile, the CSN summit announced that it will
strengthen anddiversify relations with the Arab and African countries.
CSN leaders committed in a statement to follow-up
actions for carrying out recommendations put forward by South American and Arab
countries during a May summit in Brasilia.
The participants in the first CSN summit said it is
necessary to make use of the drive generated by the May event.
Leaders from South American and Arab countries will
hold a summit meeting in Algiers, capital of Algeria, on Nov. 10-20.
Other meetings between the two continents include a
ministerialmeeting on culture in Algiers and a ministerial meeting on economic
issues in Quito, capital of Ecuador, both to be held in the first half of 2006.
South American leaders also agreed to convene a
summit meeting between the CSN and the African Union.
The CSN, formed on Dec. 8, 2004, in the Peruvian city
of Cuzco,groups Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Guyana, Ecuador,
Peru, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Its establishment was considered as an important step
toward South American integration. Enditem