BEIJING, July 14 -- The United States, Russia and China have rejected a resolution by Brazil, Germany, Japan and India to expand the 15-member UN
The United States has firmly rejected a resolution by Brazil, Germany, Japan and India to expand the 15-member U.N. Security Council by 10 seats and warned the U.S. Senate could veto the measure.
US Ambassador Shirin Tahir-Kheli, senior State Department adviser on U.N. Reform, made the remarks in her speech before the General Assembly Tuesday, urging the United Nations member states to oppose the resolution.
Tahir-Kheli noted that the UNSC enlargement should only take place in the right way and at the right time and with other reforms included. She also warned that the U.S. Senate could veto the measure.
Brazil, Germany, Japan and India have introduced a resolution to add six permanent seats to the council, four for themselves and two for Africa, and four nonpermanent seats.
A vote has not yet been scheduled on the proposal. If it is passed by the U.N. General Assembly, national legislatures must approve the change. If the legislatures from one of the five permanent members of the Security Council do not approve the resolution, the proposal will fail.
Of the council's current members, five are veto-wielding permanent members -- the United States, France, Britain, Russia and China. Ten other nations rotate in two-year terms.
China objects to Japan and the entire process and Britain and France support the resolution by the four aspirants.
Russia's U.N. Ambassador, Andrei Denisov, gave his first strong statement against the resolution, saying Moscow rejected "any dilution of the power of the five and their veto rights."
The 53-member African Union has a similar proposal to the four aspirants. It has not yet introduced it but wants one more permanent seat, which would bring the total seats on the Security Council to 26.