Chinese Foreign Minster Li
Zhaoxing (L) and his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov sign an additional
agreement on the eastern part of the Russian-Chinese border in
Vladivostok, Russia, June 2. (Xinhua Photo)
Chinese Foreign Minster Li
Zhaoxing (L) and his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov shake hands after
signing an additional agreement on the eastern part of the Russian-Chinese
border in Vladivostok, Russia, June 2.(Xinhua
BEIJING, June 2 (Xinhuanet) -- China and Russia
reached the final agreement Thursday over their eastern border, putting an end
to 40 years of negotiation.
During talks in Vladivostok, Chinese Foreign Minister
Li Zhaoxing and his Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov, exchanged ratification
documents by their parliaments agreeing to share around fifty-fifty the last
disputed land, a group of islands totaling 375 square kilometers. China and
Russia share a 4,300-kilometer-long border.
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on
Wednesday concerning the ratification of the document. He said earlier that
"compromises" were necessary to find a solution acceptable to the Russian
"By solving the border issue through peaceful
consultation, Russia and China have set a good example for other countries in
settling similar disputes," said Urey Tavrovski, president of the Moscow-based
magazine, The Diplomat.
The two countries signed an additional agreement on
the final demarcation of their eastern border during President Putin's visit to
China last October. The document defined the two countries' border on two
sections. These sections account for less than two percent of the border, but
the issue had remained unsettled since 1991 when the two sides signed a border
treaty on the eastern part of the common border.
China's top legislature, the Standing Committee of
the National People's Congress (NPC), ratified the additional agreement on April
27. The document was approved by Russia's State Duma on May 20. It was passed by
the Russian Federation Council five days later.
Former Russian Premier Yevgeny Primakov has said the
peaceful settlement of the border issue is a "great achievement." He said that
all disputes between the two neighbors regarding the border issue are now "in
"It's a solution satisfactory to both sides," said
Sheng Shiliang, a researcher with the Development Research Center of the State
Council, China's Cabinet. "It's an epoch-making event for China."
The borderline region boasts rich natural resources
and easy access to traffic. Experts say the final demarcation will be conducive
to its social and economic development and benefit the local residents.
"Many local Chinese have established business
contacts with the Russians. Some have even become close friends," said Wu Zhifu,
an environmental worker in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province. His
hometown, Fuyuan, faces the Russian city of Khabarovsk across the Heilongjiang
River. "We're all happy at the peaceful solution of the border issue."
Reform and development officials in Heilongjiang
Province said they are planning for the overall development of the borderline
areas, including the construction of ports, warehouses and other infrastructure