BEIJING, March 14 (Xinhuanet) -- The following is the
full text of the Anti-Secession Law adopted at the Third Session of the Tenth
National People's Congress here Monday:
Anti-Secession Law(Adopted at the Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress on March 14, 2005)
Article 1 This Law is formulated, in accordance with
the Constitution, for the purpose of opposing and checking Taiwan's secession
from China by secessionists in the name of "Taiwan independence", promoting
peaceful national reunification, maintaining peace and stability in the Taiwan
Straits, preserving China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and
safeguarding the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation.
Article 2 There is only one China in the world. Both
the mainland and Taiwan belong to one China. China's sovereignty and territorial
integrity brook no division. Safeguarding China's sovereignty and territorial
integrity is the common obligation of all Chinese people, the Taiwan compatriots
Taiwan is part of China. The state shall never allow
the "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces to make Taiwan secede from China
under any name or by any means.
Article 3 The Taiwan question is one that is left
over from China's civil war of the late 1940s.
Solving the Taiwan question and achieving national
reunification is China's internal affair, which subjects to no interference by
any outside forces.
Article 4 Accomplishing the great task of reunifying
the motherland is the sacred duty of all Chinese people, the Taiwan compatriots
Article 5 Upholding the principle of one China is the
basis of peaceful reunification of the country.
To reunify the country through peaceful means best
serves the fundamental interests of the compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan
Straits. The state shall do its utmost with maximum sincerity to achieve a
After the country is reunified peacefully, Taiwan may
practice systems different from those on the mainland and enjoy a high degree of
Article 6 The state shall take the following measures
to maintain peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits and promote cross-Straits
(1) to encourage and facilitate personnel exchanges
across the Straits for greater mutual understanding and mutual trust;
(2) to encourage and facilitate economic exchanges
and cooperation, realize direct links of trade, mail and air and shipping
services, and bring about closer economic ties between the two sides of the
Straits to their mutual benefit;
(3) to encourage and facilitate cross-Straits
exchanges in education, science, technology, culture, health and sports, and
work together to carry forward the proud Chinese cultural traditions;
(4) to encourage and facilitate cross-Straits
cooperation in combating crimes; and
(5) to encourage and facilitate other activities that
are conducive to peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits and stronger
The state protects the rights and interests of the
Taiwan compatriots in accordance with law.
Article 7 The state stands for the achievement of
peaceful reunification through consultations and negotiations on an equal
footing between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits. These consultations and
negotiations may be conducted in steps and phases and with flexible and varied
The two sides of the Taiwan Straits may consult and
negotiate on the following matters:
(1) officially ending the state of hostility between
the two sides;
(2) mapping out the development of cross-Straits
(3) steps and arrangements for peaceful national
(4) the political status of the Taiwan authorities;
(5) the Taiwan region's room of international
operation that iscompatible with its status; and
(6) other matters concerning the achievement of
peaceful national reunification.
Article 8 In the event that the "Taiwan independence" secessionist
forces should act under any name or by any means to cause the fact of
Taiwan's secession from China, or that major incidents entailing Taiwan's secession
from China should occur, or that possibilities for a peaceful
reunification should be completely exhausted, the state shall employ
non-peaceful means and other necessary measures to protect China's sovereignty
and territorial integrity.
The State Council and the Central Military Commission shall
decide on and execute the non-peaceful means and other necessary measures as
provided for in the preceding paragraph and shall promptly report to the Standing
Committee of the National People's Congress.
Article 9 In the event of employing and executing
non-peaceful means and other necessary measures as provided for in this Law, the
state shall exert its utmost to protect the lives, property and other legitimate
rights and interests of Taiwan civilians and foreign nationals in Taiwan, and to
minimize losses. At the same time, the state shall protect the rights and
interests of the Taiwan compatriots in other parts of China in accordance with
Article 10 This Law shall come into force on the day
of its promulgation.