Chapter II National Defense
China persists in taking the road of peaceful
development and unswervingly pursues a national defense policy defensive in
nature, China's national defense is the security guarantee for the survival and
development of the nation. The main tasks of China's national defense are to
step up modernization of its national defense and its armed forces, to safeguard
national security and unity, and to ensure the smooth process of building a
moderately prosperous society in an all-round way.
Proceeding from the fundamental interests of the
country, China's national defense policy is both subordinated to and in service
of the country's development and security strategies. Firmly seizing and taking
full advantage of the important strategic opportunities presented in the first
two decades of this century, China sticks to keeping its development in pace
with its security and makes great efforts to enhance its national strategic
capabilities by using multiple security means to cope with both traditional and
non-traditional security threats so as to seek a comprehensive national security
in the political, economic, military and social areas.
China's basic goals and tasks in maintaining national
* To stop separation and promote reunification, guard
against and resist aggression, and defend national sovereignty, territorial
integrity and maritime rights and interests.
* To safeguard the interests of national development,
promote economic and social development in an all-round, coordinated and
sustainable way and steadily increase the overall national strength.
* To modernize China's national defense in line with
both the national conditions of China and the trend of military development in
the world by adhering to the policy of coordinating military and economic
development, and improve the operational capabilities of self-defense under the
conditions of informationalization.
* To safeguard the political, economic and cultural rights and interests of the Chinese people, crack down on criminal activities of all sorts and maintain public order and social stability.