Full text: Deng Xiaoping's remarks on "one country, two
BEIJING, Feb. 19 (Xinhuanet) -- As the 14th
anniversary of the promulgation of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region approaches, the Xinhua News Agency is authorized Thursday
to republish late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's remarks on the concept of "one
country, two systems."
During separate talks with members of a Hong Kong
industrial and commercial delegation and with prominent Hong Kong figures 20
years ago, Deng expounded the "one country, two systems" concept, the
requirements or qualifications of Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong and
the definition of a patriot.
Deng said the Chinese
Government is firm in its position, principles and policies on Hong Kong.
|Deng Xiaoping meets with British Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher in Dec. 1984. The two governments signed The
Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong, which ushered in a period
of sound development in Sino-British relations. (File photo)
"We have stated on many occasions that after China
resumes the exercise of its sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, Hong Kong's
current social and economic systems will remain unchanged, its legal system will
remain basically unchanged, its way of life and its status as a free port and an
international trade and financialcenter will remain unchanged and it can
continue to maintain or establish economic relations with other countries and
regions," Deng said.
"We are pursuing a policy of 'one country, two
systems.' More specifically, this means that within the People's Republic of
China, the mainland with its one billion people will maintain the socialist
system, while Hong Kong and Taiwan continue under the capitalist system," he
"Our policy towards Hong Kong will remain the same
for a long time to come, but this will not affect socialism on the mainland. The
main part of China must continue under socialism, but a capitalist system will
be allowed to exist in certain areas, such as Hong Kong and Taiwan. Opening a
number of cities on the mainland will let in some foreign capital, which will
serve as a supplement to the socialist economy and help promote the growth ofthe
socialist productive forces," he said.
Deng said the concept of "one country, two systems"
has been formulated according to China's realities.
China has not only the Hong Kong problem to tackle
but also the Taiwan problem. What is the solution to these problems? As for the
second, is it for socialism to swallow up Taiwan, or for the "Three People's
Principles" preached by Taiwan to swallow up the mainland?
"The answer is neither," Deng said.
"If the problem cannot be solved by peaceful means,
then it must be solved by force. Neither side would benefit from that.
Reunification of the motherland is the aspiration of the whole nation. If it
cannot be accomplished in 100 years, it will be in 1,000 years. As I see it, the
only solution lies in practicing two systems in one country."
Deng said the successful settlement of the Hong Kong
question may provide useful elements for the solution of international
"When we adopt the policy of 'one country, two
systems' to resolve the Hong Kong question, we are not acting on impulse or
playing tricks but are proceeding from reality and taking into full account the
past and present circumstances of Hong Kong," he said.
"We are convinced that the people of Hong Kong are
capable of running the affairs of Hong Kong well, and we want to see an end to
foreign rule. The people of Hong Kong themselves will agree to nothing less,"
Some requirements or qualifications should be
established with regard to the administration of Hong Kong affairs by the people
ofHong Kong, Deng said. It must be required that patriots form the main body of
administrators, that is, of the future government of the Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region. Of course it should include other Chinese, too, as well
as foreigners invited to serveas advisers.
Deng said a patriot is one who respects the Chinese
nation, sincerely supports the motherland's resumption of sovereignty over Hong
Kong and wishes not to impair Hong Kong's prosperity and stability. Those who
meet these requirements are patriots, whether they believe in capitalism or
feudalism or even slavery.
"We don't demand that they be in favor of China's
socialist system; we only ask them to love the motherland and Hong Kong," Deng