CPC & Other Parties
The multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is China's basic political system.
The system means that the CPC is the only party in power in the People's Republic of China while under the precondition of accepting the leadership of the CPC, the eight other political parties participate in the discussion and management of state affairs, in cooperation with the CPC.
Political consultation means that under the leadership of the CPC, all parties, mass organizations and representatives from all walks of life take part in consultations of the country's basic policies and important issues in political, economic, cultural and social affairs before a decision is adopted and in the discussion of major issues in the implementation of the decisions.
Political consultation takes the organizational form of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
Political consultation is the most important political and organization form of the multi-party and political consultation system.
Cooperative relations between the CPC and other political parties are based on the principle of ¡°long-term coexistence and mutual supervision, treating each other with full sincerity and sharing weal or woe.¡±
Major forms of the multi-party cooperative system
1. Participation in the discussion of state affairs
Under this mechanism, members of various non-communist parties take part in the deliberation and implementation of major policies, laws and regulations of the country, take part in the consultation on major political issues and the choice of leaders of the state and take part in the running of state affairs.
Consultation between the CPC and other political parties mainly takes the following forms:
(1) Democratic consultation. Leaders of CPC invite, usually once a year, leaders of other political parties and representative personages without political party affiliation to a meeting at which CPC leaders hear and solicit their opinion on major policies and principles that the CPC puts forward.
(2) High-level talks. CPC leaders invite leaders of other political parties and representative personages without political party affiliation for small-scale meetings at which they exchange opinions on questions of common concern whenever there is a need for such a meeting.
(3) Bimonthly meetings. Chaired by the Central Committee of the CPC, the meetings are attended by people from other political parties and representative personages without political party affiliation. At these meetings, the CPC Central Committee informs the participants of major events, exchanges views with them, relays important documents of the CPC Central Committee and hears the opinion and suggestions of the participants or conducts discussions on specific topics. When necessary, there will be meetings between the bimonthly ones.
(4) Written suggestions or exchange of views in person. Leaders of non-communist political parties and representative figures without political party affiliation may, at any time they wish, submit in writing their suggestions to the CPC Central Committee on major state policies or specific issues or they may see leaders of the CPC Central Committee in person to exchange views.
2. Democratic supervision
Democratic supervision means that the non-communist political parties exercise supervision on the CPC and the government organs under its leadership, within the framework of the multi-party cooperation and political consultation.
The supervision may be conducted in the following manners: putting forward opinions, suggestions and criticisms to the CPC Central Committee at the meetings of the Chinese People¡¯s Political Consultative Conference; making known their suggestions and criticisms on major political, economic and social issues of the state on the basis of investigation; deputies to the NPC and members of the Chinese People¡¯s Political Consultative Conference who are members of non-communist political parties may conduct supervision through putting forward bills, proposals and inspection reports; and members of non-communist political parties may exercise their supervisory role by serving as special supervisors, inspectors, auditors and education supervisors of the government.
3. Holding government and judicial positions
All the non-communist political parties have their members holding leading positions in the government and judicial organs at various levels upon recommendation by the CPC.
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