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Brief Introduction to Relations between China and Singapore

Xinhuanet 2002-05-17 15:53:54

Political Relations:

China and Singapore established diplomatic relations on 3 October 1990.

After the founding of New China, Singapore, then under the rule of British colonial authorities, maintained people-to-people trade relations with China. The contacts between the two countries began to increase since mid-70s.The two sides established their Commercial Representatives' Offices in each other's country in 1981 and started their air service in 1985.

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations of the two countries, President Yang Shangkun (in 1993), President Jiang Zemin (in 1994), Chairman of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Li Ruihuan (in 1995) and Premier Li Peng (in 1997) from China visited Singapore. Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew (in 1990), President Wee Kim Wee (in 1991), Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew (in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2000), Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong (in 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997 and 2000), President Ong Teng Cheong (in 1995), Deputy Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (in 1995 and 2000) and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defense Tony Tan Keng Yam (in 1997) from Singpore visited China.

Singapore has Consulates-General in Shanghai, Xiamen and Hong Kong.

Economic and Trade Relations and Technological Cooperation:

The trade between China and Singapore developed rapidly in recent years and Singapore has maintained the first position among ASEAN countries in their trade with China. The bilateral trade reached 8.154 billion US$ in 1998, 8.56 billion US$ in 1999 and 10.821 billion US$ in 2000. Singapore is now the 7th biggest trade partner of China whereas China is its 6th biggest trade partner.

Singapore is the traditional export market for China's textiles, grain and oil products, specialties and petrochemical products. In recent years, metals, electromechanical equipment, feed, shipping, communication equipment, electronic component, textiles and clothing have been added to the list. Singapore is also an important country for China's labor export. By the end of June 2000, Singapore investments committed in China have reached 34.514 billion US$ and 159.04 billion US$ have been actually put in, making Singapore China's 5th biggest external investor.

Exchanges and Cooperation in the Fields of Culture, Science and Technology and Education:

There's an Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation and a Joint Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the two countries. The Joint Committee has already held 5 meetings and in its 4th meeting in March 1998, the two sides decided to initiate a joint research programme to implement a system for generating economic relevant projects on a sustainable basis, so that research institutes, universities and other public research organisations in China and Singapore can undertake industry relevant R&D together with the participation of companies and to develop platform technologies that companies in the respective countries can commercialise.

The exchanges and cooperation in the field of education are increasing. Minister for education and Second Minister for Defense of Singapore Teo Chee Hean visited China in June 1999. During his visit the Memorandum of Understanding on Exchanges and Cooperation in the Field of Education was signed by the two sides.

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China )

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