HEFEI, April 28
(Xinhuanet) -- A mysterious bird-shaped pottery
instrument believed to be
5,000 years old has been unearthed by
archaeologists at the ruins of Yuchi
Temple in Mengcheng county of
Anhui Province, east China.
Archaeologists said that the instrument was the most intact
totem that has
been excavated from the ruins of the culture of
Dawenkou, a primitive
Chinese society dating back to 4,300-2,400 B.
that the totem was of great significance in the study
of the history of early
pottery, and the formation and development
of tribes, religion and totems in
the pre-history period.
Covering 100,000 square meters, the
Yuchi Temple ruins of
primitive tribes, said to be the largest and most
intact ruins of
pre-history buildings ever found in China, were labeled by
historians "China's No.1 Primitive Village".
with the archaeological institute under the
Chinese Academy of Social
Sciences have conducted ten excavations
on a quarter of the ruins' total
area since 1989, unearthing more
than 10,000 relics, including houses built
with baked mud bricks,
tombs, household utensils and
The ruins of the Yuchi Temple were put under
protection last year.
Archaeologists said that
"China's No.1 Primitive Village" could
be regarded as the "Great Hall of the
People" and the "Tian'anmen
Square" of more than 5,000 years ago. The
bird-shaped totem was
unearthed near the large square of this primitive
The totem consists of three parts, with an oval pot at
bottom, a conic canister in the middle and a bird-shaped
on the top of the taper. The whole instrument is 60 cm
high, with a bottom
diameter of 16 cm and an upper diameter 20 cm.
with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences have
started a new round of
excavations of the ruins, hoping to find
more traces of primitive life 5,000
They plan to make
excavations in an area of 1,250 square meters
within two years.